Norma B. Coe is an Associate Professor of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the Perelman School of Medicine. Her research interests are in health economics and public finance. Her work strives to identify causal effects of policies that directly and indirectly impact health, human behavior, health care access, and health care utilization. One focus has been measuring the relationship between retirement and health, health care utilization, and health behaviors. Another focus of her research has been long-term care and long-term care insurance, and how they affect the health, work behavior, and health care utilization of current and potential caregivers. In ongoing work, funded by the NIA, Dr. Coe and her colleagues are estimating the direct and indirect costs of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. Prior to joining Penn, she was an Assistant Professor in Health Services at the University of Washington, and the Associate Director of Research at the Boston College Center for Retirement Research. She received her PhD in Economics from MIT and BA in Economics from the College of William and Mary.